Viewing 1 to 15 (of 56 total) records
Money paid to have a kidnapped person released.
Sex with a woman, other than a wife, without her consent. But many states have changed this basic definition to include sex with a minor (with or without consent; also known as statutory rape), sex with a man without his consent, or exempting men who force their wives to have sex.
Opportunity to present rebuttal evidence after one's evidence has been subjected to cross-examination.
Immoveable property such as land or a building or an object that, though at one time a chattel, has become permanently affixed to land or a building.
An accused person is entitled to acquittal if, in the minds of the jury, his or her guilt has not been proved beyond a "reasonable doubt;" that state of minds of jurors in which they cannot say they feel an abiding conviction as to the truth of the charge.
A phrase used to denote a hypothetical person who exercises qualities of attention, knowledge; intelligence, and judgment that society requires of its members for the protection of their own interest and the interests of others. Thus, the test of negligence is based on either a failure to do something that a reasonable person, guided by considerations that ordinarily regulate conduct, would do, or on the doing of something that a reasonable and prudent (wise) person would not do.
Evidence disproving other evidence previously given or reestablishing the credibility of challenged evidence. (See rejoinder.)
Usually, every element of a case must be proven to a judge or a jury. The exception is a "presumption", which means that if certain other facts are proven, then another fact can be taken for granted by the judge (or jury). For example, in some states, an adult caught having intercourse with a minor is presumed as having known that the minor was under-age. Most presumptions are "rebuttable", which means that the person against whom the presumption applies may present evidence to the contrary, which then has the effect of nullifying the presumption. This then deprives the person that tried to use the presumption with the advantage of the "free" evidence and makes him present evidence to support the fact which might have been proven by the presumption.
An obligation entered into before a court whereby the recognizor acknowledges that he will do a specific act required by law.
All the documents and evidence plus transcripts of oral proceedings in a case.
The process by which a judge is disqualified from hearing a case, on his or her own motion or upon the objection of either party.
Buying back. When a vendor later buys the property back. A right of redemption gives the vendor the right to buy back the property. In some jurisdictions where a mortgage transfers title to the lender until the mortgage is paid off, the "buying back" of the property is known as redemption.
To set right; to remedy; to compensate; to remove the causes of a grievance.
A person to whom the court refers a pending case to take testimony, hear the parties, and report back to the court. A referee is an officer with judicial powers who serves as an arm of the court.
Another hearing of a civil or criminal case by the same court in which the case was originally heard.